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There are multiple ways to prove that you’re fully vaccinated. The easiest and most universal is a vaccination certificate, which you can create yourself via Patient’s Portal and to print it out or present it on your smartphone. Another option is an immunization passport, and this is issued by a medical health care worker, for instance your family doctor. This document can be issued even if you got vaccinated abroad.

Certifications and documents before getting vaccinated

  • When you go to your vaccination, you need to take a document to prove your identity with (Passport or ID-card), when you’re a parent or a guardian and an underage gets their vaccination, both of you need ID-s, you and the child. In case you have the Immunization passport on a yellow paper, please take it with you — then all your vaccinations are in one place. Foreigners living in Estonia should take a document to prove their identity (passport or an ID-card issued by their home country), and also, if they have it, residence permit or the digital ID of an e-residency and their immunization passport.

EU digital COVID-19 vaccination certificate

The EU COVID-19 vaccination certificate is valid either as a print-out or shown from a digital device. The proof of the vaccination is valid to participate in Estonian events and travelling. (NB! Check all the restrictions of all of your destination countries before travelling!)

The validity of the vaccination certificate

From the 1st of February 2022, The COVID-19 vaccination certificate is valid for 9 months.

On the 23rd of December, the Estonian Government decided to abridge the validity of the vaccination certificate to 9 months.

Certification is not valid immediately after the vaccination. Based on the data given by the vaccine producer, the maximum protection is achieved 7 days after the second dose of Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine Comirnaty, 14 days after the second dose of AstraZeneca vaccine Vaxzevria, 14 days after the second dose of Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, and 14 days after the dose of Janssen COVID-19 vaccine.

After the booster dose, the duration of the vaccination certificate is extended to 12 months.

Who can use the vaccination certificate?

To be eligible for the vaccination certificate, you need to have Estonian Personal ID code, and be vaccinated in Estonia, or if you got vaccinated abroad, your vaccination data is recorded in Patient’s portal. Vaccination certificate is valid in all European Union member states according to their requirements.

Estonians and foreigners with the Estonian personal identification code, who can’t create EU digital COVID-certificates via patient’s portal, can apply for this using Social Insurance Board (SIB) services all over Estonia. After you’ve applied in the local SIB office, the digital EU COVID-certificate will be sent to your email address within three working days. More info can be found

In case you were vaccinated abroad, and you don’t have the Estonian personal ID-code, you can use your immunization passport instead of the EU COVID-certificate. 

How to get a vaccination certificate?

You can create yourself a vaccination certificate if you have the Estonian personal ID-code, and you’ve been vaccinated in Estonia. In order to do that, please youse your ID-card, mobile-ID or Smart-ID to log in to the patient’s portal in, then create your certificate and print it out. 

All offices of the Estonian Social Insurance Board accept applications to create the EU digital COVID-certificate to Estonians and foreigners with the Estonian personal ID code, who don’t have the opportunity to create them in a patient’s portal.

NB! If you got your certificate before the 20th of October, then you need to renew it before you travel abroad. To create a new certificate, you don’t need to delete the old one first. Read more here.

You can use your vaccination certificate digitally as well, by showing it from your smart device.

Updating vaccination certificate

Who needs to update their vaccination certificate?

Vaccination certificates that were created before the 21st of October 2021, and that are not updated, are valid only for 6 months.

To update your certificate, go to a Patient’s Portal

You need to update your certificate after a booster dose, too.

If your certificate needs to be updated, this will be shown via control system  and in a Patient’s Portal if you log in.

How to update your vaccination certificate?

  • Log in to the Patient’s Portal,
  • If you see a notification that your vaccination certificate is not valid, click the button: Start the creation of an EU digital COVID certificate
  • Click on a drop menu, and choose EU digital vaccination certificate, and click Continue.
  • Choose Save or Print to have your certificate.
  • The old certificate will be deleted automatically when you create a new one.

Watch the video (in Estonian, with Russian subtitles), how to create a new certificate in a Patient’s Portal.

Immunization passport

An immunization passport, also called as a yellow vaccination passport, is issued by a medical health care worker who vaccinates you, for example your family doctor. This document is available only on paper format, and you should carry it with you when you go to any vaccination after you’ve had the immunization passport. NB! Only a person who vaccinates, can add data to your immunization passport about your vaccinations.

Who is the immunization passport for?

Immunization passport is for everybody who can’t or don’t want to prove their data via, and prefer their data on paper. Also, immunization passport is for Estonians who were vaccinated abroad, but need to prove their vaccination status in Estonia until their data is automatically transferred to

NB! In most cases, immunization passport is not a valid proof of the vaccination when travelling!

How to get an immunization passport?

Ask for an immunization passport from your family doctor or the medical health care worker, who vaccinates you. Make sure you have your ID and proof of your vaccination with you.

Read more:

Checking your certificate

You can download the certificate to your smartphone or carry the printed version. Use to check whether your digital EU COVID-19 certificate is valid.

Always carry your ID with you to prove that the presented data is valid.

Vaccinations against COVID-19 done abroad

All vaccinations done abroad are valid in Estonia. The country you were vaccinated, is not even that important: if your vaccination is valid in the country you came from, it’s valid in Estonia.

You can prove your vaccination status when you present:

  • An immunization passport, the copy of it or certificate that is equal to it (including the digital EU COVID-19 certificate)
  • the printout from the database you come from, and this printout is officially confirmed
  • your immunization passport that you can apply for in the medical health care worker

Always carry with you a document to prove your identity, so whoever controls your vaccination status, could confirm the validity of data.

The document that proves the vaccination status in another country must be in Latin or Slavic alphabet, in Estonian, English or Russian, and include all the following data: the disease you were vaccinated against; the date(s) of the vaccination; medication that was used for the immunization; the number of doses used; the data of the issuer of the document.

The certificate is valid from the date the maximum protection level is achieved, in regarding of the producer of the medication.

Vaccinations done abroad are not transferred to Estonian’s patient’s portal.

EU COVID-19 Recovery Certificate

The EU digital COVID-19 recovery certificate is a proof of your recovery from COVID-19. The certificate is issued after a positive Sars-Cov-2 PCR test.

EU COVID-19 recovery certificate can be used based on current measures, to free oneself from restrictions, and participating in activities or events.

EL COVID-19 recovery certificate can be created in Estonian patient-portal on the 11th day after the first positive Sars-Cov-2 PCR test. Timing is relevant, if your test result is issued at 5PM, the certificate can be created on the 11th day since 5PM. EU COVID-19 recovery certificate is valid for 180 days.

The certificate is in Estonian, English and Russian language, and it includes:

  • Your name and personal ID-code
  • The number of the certificate
  • Illness tested for
  • The date of the first positive test
  • The country you were tested positive
  • Validity Date
  • The Issuer of the Certificate

In the future, is it possible to prove your recovery from COVID-19 with the antibody test?

Currently, the technical solution to prove your recovery from COVID-19 with the antibody test is not in planning because antibody tests doesn’t show when you had COVID-19. Currently, it has been agreed within the EU, that only the positive PCR test is the proof to be issued a COVID-19 certificate that you’ve had COVID-19. Also, there’s no international agreement on the minimum level of needed antibodies.

Everything you should know about the COVID-19 vaccination

Vaccination is free of charge for all people living in Estonia, even without the national health insurance.
  • Vaccination is voluntary.
  • Vaccination is open to all people who are at least 5 years old.
  • Compared to COVID-19 illness, vaccination is safe, and generally, the side effects pass quickly.
  • Booster doses are available only for adults, and the time for a booster jab is 2 months after finishing the vaccination course with the Janssen vaccine, and 3 months after finishing the vaccination course with AstraZeneca, Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines.
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