Skip navigation
Vaktsineeri_koduleht_1440x288-5

Vaccination in Estonia

By vaccinating against COVID-19 we can move towards returning to the regular order of life. Vaccination in Estonia takes place according to the vaccination plan.

General information about vaccination in Estonia

In 2021, vaccination is free for everybody who lives in Estonia, including those who do not have health insurance.

Vaccination is voluntary.

As of 17 June, all Estonian people (over the age of twelve) can get vaccinated against COVID-19.

The order of vaccination

Vaccinations against COVID-19 will take place in stages. First priority in vaccination is given to people who are in a risk group or who need to be vaccinated first in order to guarantee that the services critical to the functioning of the society are operational.

Starting from Monday, May 17, all Estonian people can get vaccinated against COVID-19.

As soon as the vaccine volumes allow, the state will open up the possibility to get vaccinated to all who wish to do so. According to the prognosis of the current delivery volumes, this will become possible no sooner than in May.

I get priority in vaccination if I am in a risk group

The vaccination of people over the age of 80 began in February but due to limited vaccine volumes, not all people over the age of 80 have had the opportunity to get vaccinated yet. The state will move on in stages, offering the possibility to get vaccinated to different groups, one by one.

People who belong to a COVID-19 risk group have been divided into three different risk groups according to age and health condition.

COVID-19 vaktsineerimine
Photo: Raigo Pajula

The Estonian Health Insurance Board went through the lists of all family doctors to map people who belong in a COVID-19 risk group on the basis of the diseases and conditions determined by the state Immunoprophylaxis Expert Committee. The Health Insurance Board based itself on the diagnosis codes on people’s medical bills and prescriptions for medicines issued in the last five years. The family doctors got to review the lists and correct them, if necessary. Starting from March 22, the people who belong to a risk group can also see the information about their risk group status in the patient portal digilugu.ee.

The principles according to which people in a risk group are invited to get vaccinated, as approved by the Immunoprophylaxis Expert Committee and put together by the Estonian Family Doctors’ Association:

  1. All people who are 80 years old or older;
  2. People who are 70 years old or older who have diseases and conditions which put them at a very high or high risk from severe progression of the disease;
  3. People who are 70 years old or older, regardless of comorbidities, and people 16-69 years old who have diseases and conditions which put them at a very high risk from severe progression of the disease;
  4. People who are 60 years old and older who have diseases and conditions which put them at a high risk from severe progression of the disease;
  5. People who are 50-59 years old and older who have diseases and conditions which put them at a high risk from severe progression of the disease;
  6. People who are 16-49 years old or older who have diseases and conditions which put them at a high risk from severe progression of the disease.

At the beginning of July, 2020, the state Immunoprophylaxis Expert Committee determined the diseases and conditions on the basis of which a person should be considered to be in a risk group.

Open all

The following diseases and conditions are considered to have a very high risk from severe progression of the disease:

  • Organ or bone marrow transplantation (performed up to 2 years ago);
  • Primary immunodeficiency;
  • Malignant tumours of lymphoid and hematopoietic tissues (diagnosed up to 5 years ago) or other tumours (diagnosed up to 1 year ago);
  • Cystic fibrosis;
  • Renal insufficiency;
  • Demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system;
  • Dementia;
  • Parkinson disease;
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis;
  • A stroke in the past year and the residual symptoms of a stroke;
  • People with hematological, rheumatological, gastroenterological and/or neurological diseases who have received immunosuppressive treatments within the past 5 years.

The following diseases or conditions are considered to have a high risk from severe progression of the disease:

  • Diabetes;
  • Cardiovascular diseases;
  • Chronic bronchitis;
  • Emphysema;
  • COPD;
  • Severe asthma (oral corticosteroid treatments within the past 5 years, biological treatments);
  • Bronchiectasis;
  • Obesity (BMI ≥40).

Elderly individuals and anyone who is included in a risk group who has not yet been vaccinated must book their own vaccination time slots via the eBooking system or by calling the central phone number (1247).

If your family health centre also offers the option to book appointments electronically, you will be notified of this possibility in advance. If you wish, you can also let your family doctor know that you are ready to come and get vaccinated on short notice, in case someone has to unexpectedly cancel their appointment.

COVID-19 vaccination statistics

All vaccinated
(1 + 2 doses)

542 466

40,82% of the population

Partially vaccinated
(1 dose)

189 062

14,23% of the population

Fully vaccinated
(2 doses)

353 404

26,59% of the population

Last updated: 16. June 2021, 12:29

Scroll to top